‘Gunea fowl’ is the correct name for the species though they are frequently referred to as ‘guinea hens’, which would be only the females of the species. During the 19th century the species went from being one of the most abundant birds in the world to extinction. Types of fowl 1. Wattle = flap of skin under the turkey’s chin. Jenny = young female turkey Peafowl are usually kept for ornamental purposes although they are sometimes raised for meat. Turns bright red when the turkey is upset or during courtship The Wyandotte breed is a good example. Passenger pigeon: An extinct migratory bird (Ectopistes migratorius) abundant in eastern North America until the latter part of the 19th century. Guineas are valuable pest controllers, eating many insects. Pet birds are not considered poultry. Capon = castrated male chicken (requires surgery since the reproductive organs are internal). The feathers are used for feather dusters. These pheasants are raised commercially for meat and/or for release in hunting preserves. Chicken is singular; chickens is plural Bantam = chicken breed that is one-third to one-half the size of a standard breed. Chook = Australian term for chicken. Biddy = nontechnical term for a laying hen that is over one year of age They are Beltsville Small White, Bourbon Red, Jersey Buff, Narragansett, Royal Palm, Slate, Standard Bronze and White Holland. Guinea pullet = female guinea fowl under one year of age Some geese are also kept as guard animals since they readily detect sounds that are not normal to the area in which they are kept. As with guinea fowl, ‘peafowl’ is the correct name for the species though they are frequently referred to as ‘peacocks’ which would be only the males of the species. Cob = adult male swan Chickens Chicken’s History. Domesticated for thousands of years, distinguishable breeds of chicken have been present since the combined factors of geographical isolation and selection for desired characteristics created regional types with distinct physical and behavioral traits passed on to their offspring. Very young birds are clad only in down. The result is a smaller bird but one with a more balanced dark-to-white meat ratio; a more intense, sometimes gamey, flavor; and a thick layer of fat surrounding the breast. Foie gras = French for ‘fat liver’ and is a food product made form the liver of a duck or goose that has been specifically fattened. Exhibition/Fancy: Raised for particular physical features and typically exhibited at poultry shows (e.g., Fantails, Frills, Jacobins, Modenas, Owls Pouters). Ventilation built right in - welcoming to any smart bat! Chickens, ducks, turkeys, and geese are the birds of primary. There are two sizes of fowl that exist – ‘Large Fowl’ (often abbreviated to L.F) and ‘Bantam’. Turns bright red when a tom is upset or during courtship activities. 1 Laying Breeds. Turkeys are raised for meat, but not eggs. In addition, males crow while females do not. Duckling = young (baby) duck Cock = adult male ostrich View our privacy policy. There is actually only one breed of turkey with several varieties, although many people do refer to these varieties as breeds. This category consists of various domesticated birds each of which is used in various farm settings. Ostrich is singular; Ostriches is plural Chicken can also refer to the meat coming from the bird so it is okay to say “I eat a lot of chicken” rather than “I eat a lot of chickens,” which would change the meaning somewhat. Homers: Powerful flyers that will rapidly return to their home over distances as far as 600 miles away. … Getting Started with Vaccines Give chicks their first vaccinations at the right time. Domestic fowl are divided into classes, breeds, and varieties. Geese are raised commercially for meat, feathers, down and foie gras (a delicacy made from the fatty livers of ducks or geese). Fowl have deep spiritual meanings and roots in ancient cultures, such as Hinduism in India and in many Pagan cultures throughout the world. Sexually mature toms will grow a beard (stiff hair-like projects from the top of their neck) The northern fowl mite, Ornithonyssus sylviarum, is the most important parasite of caged layers and breeding chickens in the USA and is a serious pest of chickens throughout the temperate zone of other countries. Hen = adult female ostrich Each breed has a very distinct shape or confirmation (Figure below shows 4 varieties in the Wyandotte breed). Very friendly toward people, but has low egg production, 50 white eggs per year. They are especially beneficial in controlling the Lyme disease carrying deer tick. Bantam Leghorns. A basic knowledge of how to identify and classify fowl may be helpful. APPEARANCE: The upright Araucana has distinct “tufts” at the cheeks and no tail.Its feathers come in an impressive range of colors: black, white, buff, silver, golden duckwing, and more. Their small size and numerous shapes, colors and personalities give them a broad appeal to people who live in urban areas. Feathers (For example: chickens, Ostrich) Different vaccines … Toms are typically larger than hens The name ISA Brown is not actually a breed name, but a copyrighted brand name. The term heritage turkey refers to naturally mating turkey breeds indigenous to the Americas. Photo of a pair of chickens A common question is “How can you tell the difference between a male and female chicken?”  Notice the different in the size of comb and wattles and the tail feathers.
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