2 Fruit in hand from Maui Mall farmers market Olinda, Maui, Hawai'i. Santol is the name of the fruit of a tree that has the scientific name Sandoricum koetjape. Scientific Leaf Names. Sandoricum koetjape is a southeast Asian fruit bearing tree commonly called the santol, and sometimes the sour apple. The common name of a leaf can change depending on your location. The following list contains names of plant diseases that commonly trouble gardeners as well as farmers alike. ‘Santols’ are also called ‘lolly fruits’, ‘cottonfruits’, and ‘ wild mangosteens’, and they are also known under a variety of local names. The Santol is native to Indo-china and West Malesia, although it is now cultivated throughout SE Asia. Flowers, small, pinkish, in clusters, petal arranged to form a cup. The difference is in the color that the older leaves turn before falling. Santol - Sandoricum koetjape; Fig. 4 Fig. Scientific name: Sandoricum koetjape Common name: Santol Lao name: Thong Plant family: Meliaceae. 5 S. koetjape, Santol leaf habit Fig. The red appears to be more common and the reddish leaves mixed with the green ones add … Fig. 3 S. koetjape (Santol) Fig. Hagonoy, Chromolaena odorata, DEVIL WEED, Fei ji cao - Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Dr Godofredo Umali Stuart with botanical information, chemical properties, folkloric uses and research studies. 7 Inflorescense close-up Fig. They grow below 1,000m altitude and are hardy trees, able to tolerate a long dry season. While the leaves in their autumn hues are beautiful, the reason behind their transformation is anything but. 1 Sandoricum koetjape Fig. There are two varieties of santol fruit, previously considered two different species, the yellow variety and the red. 12 The santol is a fast-growing, straight-trunked, pale-barked tree 50 to 150 ft (15-45 m) tall, branched close to the ground and buttressed when old. The French refer to it as faux mangoustanier, while in English it’s been called wild mangosteen, COTTONFRUIT or sandor. 10 S. koetjape unripe fruit Fig. It is a Latin derived word and it’s used to standardize a leaf for scientific research. Each tree belongs to a plant family. 11 Fruit habit Fig. The scientific name of the santol tree is Sandoricum koetjape and it is from the family Meliaceae, the family of mahogany. The UF|IFAS says the scientific name of a leaf is the same worldwide. https://theindianvegan.blogspot.com/2013/03/all-about-santol.html 6 S. koetjape, Santol inflorescense and leaves Fig. Fruit is oval, 1 to 2 cm long, dark purple to black, fleshy and one-seeded, with a sweet-astringent taste. But as with most phenomena in the world, there is a thorough scientific explanation of this magic, and consequently as to why leaves change color in the fall. Young branchlets are densely brown-hairy. List of Plant Diseases Caused by Fungi. Leaves are broad-tipped, opposite, shiny and leathery, ellipitic, 6 to 15 cm long. Plant Family. Fungi are known to cause extensive damage to the plants, especially the crops. We are, in essence, watching the leaves starve themselves and die. It is native to Southeast Asia where it is called gratawn (กระท้อน) in Thai, kompem reach in Khmer, tong in Lao and donka in Sinhalese.. As you have seen, there are 5 biological agents that cause plant diseases. 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